Core values of nonviolence and social justice are central to peace education. Nonviolence is manifested through values such as respect for human rights, freedom, and trust. Social justice is realized by principles of equality, responsibility, and solidarity.

In order to achieve these ideals, peace education programs across the world address a wide range of themes.  These include nonviolence, conflict resolution techniques, democracy, disarmament, gender equality, human rights, environmental responsibility, history, communication skills, coexistence, and international understanding and tolerance of diversity